# Primary

### Foundations of Multiplication

##### Chapter 1: The idea of multiplication

LO 1: | Discovering the limitations of addition |

LO 2: | Finding if repeated addition is common |

LO 3: | Exploring if repeated addition a simple method |

LO 4: | Making repeated addition faster |

LO 5: | Nuanced understanding of the preposition ‘of’ |

LO 6: | Explaining ‘5 of 4 books’ |

LO 7: | Knowing the ‘x’ sign |

LO 8: | Finding a universal definition of multiplication |

LO 9: | What do we need to know more about multiplication |

LO 10: | Examples to introduce multiplication to a Grade II child |

LO 11: | Researching the collection of 2 apples, 3 bananas, 3 oranges and 2 apples |

LO 12: | Introduction to mathematical tables – ‘A of B’ in practice |

LO 13: | Using math manipulatives to visualize multiplication tables |

##### Chapter 2: Multiplication - Operation

LO 1: | Knowing all about the operational relationship of addition and multiplication |

LO 2: | Appreciating multiplicand |

LO 3: | Appreciating multipliers |

LO 4: | Appreciating product |

LO 5: | Validating multiplier and multiplicand in algebraic expressions |

LO 6: | Offering five everyday examples of the expression 4 x 3 |

LO 7: | Evaluating the expression 5 x 3 chairs |

LO 8: | Evaluating the expression 2 apples x 2 |

LO 9: | Evaluating the expression 2 x 2 apples |

LO 10: | Evaluating the expression 2 apples x 2 apples |

LO 11: | Evaluating the expression 2 apples x 2 oranges |

LO 12: | Evaluating the expression 2 bags x 3 apples |

LO 13: | Evaluating the expression 2 bags x 3 apples/bag |

LO 14: | Explaining the expression 0 x 7 |

LO 15: | Multiplying Multiple Numbers |

LO 16: | Real-life examples of 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 |

##### Chapter 3: Multiplication - The Process

LO 1: | Visualising multiplication expressions out of same-number addition expressions |

LO 2: | Visualising multiplication expressions |

LO 3: | Learning how products are formed |

LO 4: | Discovering the process/method of multiplication |

LO 5: | The Long Multiplication Method |

LO 6: | Confirming if there a method for one-digit multiplication |

LO 7: | Exploring multiplication from the left and the right of numbers |

##### Chapter 4: Multiplication - Process (Application)

LO 1: | Multiplying two-digit number by one-digit number |

LO 2: | Multiplying three-digit number by one-digit number |

LO 3: | Multiplying three-digit number by two-digit number |

LO 4: | Multiplying more than two numbers |

LO 5: | Multiplying numbers that end in zero |

LO 6: | Revisiting the idea of carry |

LO 7: | Mapping the possible values of carry |

LO 8: | Relating carry and multiplication |

LO 9: | Detailing the arithmetic expression 10 x 100 |

##### Chapter 5: Multiplication - Properties

LO 1: | Showcasing all the interpretations of multiplication |

LO 2: | Comparing 3 x 4 and 3 x 2 x 2 |

LO 3: | Comparing multiplication and stretching. |

##### Chapter 6: Multiplication - Summing Up

LO 1: | Commenting on the mathematical expression b x c = bc |

LO 2: | Knowing multiplicative identity of numbers |

LO 3: | Figuring out the relationship between multiplier, multiplicand, and factors |