# Primary

### Foundations of Multiplication

##### Chapter 1: The idea of multiplication
 LO 1: Discovering the limitations of addition LO 2: Finding if repeated addition is common LO 3: Exploring if repeated addition a simple method LO 4: Making repeated addition faster LO 5: Nuanced understanding of the preposition ‘of’ LO 6: Explaining ‘5 of 4 books’ LO 7: Knowing the ‘x’ sign LO 8: Finding a universal definition of multiplication LO 9: What do we need to know more about multiplication LO 10: Examples to introduce multiplication to a Grade II child LO 11: Researching the collection of 2 apples, 3 bananas, 3 oranges and 2 apples LO 12: Introduction to mathematical tables – ‘A of B’ in practice LO 13: Using math manipulatives to visualize multiplication tables

##### Chapter 2: Multiplication - Operation
 LO 1: Knowing all about the operational relationship of addition and multiplication LO 2: Appreciating multiplicand LO 3: Appreciating multipliers LO 4: Appreciating product LO 5: Validating multiplier and multiplicand in algebraic expressions LO 6: Offering five everyday examples of the expression 4 x 3 LO 7: Evaluating the expression 5 x 3 chairs LO 8: Evaluating the expression 2 apples x 2 LO 9: Evaluating the expression 2 x 2 apples LO 10: Evaluating the expression 2 apples x 2 apples LO 11: Evaluating the expression 2 apples x 2 oranges LO 12: Evaluating the expression 2 bags x 3 apples LO 13: Evaluating the expression 2 bags x 3 apples/bag LO 14: Explaining the expression 0 x 7 LO 15: Multiplying Multiple Numbers LO 16: Real-life examples of 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5

##### Chapter 3: Multiplication - The Process
 LO 1: Visualising multiplication expressions out of same-number addition expressions LO 2: Visualising multiplication expressions LO 3: Learning how products are formed LO 4: Discovering the process/method of multiplication LO 5: The Long Multiplication Method LO 6: Confirming if there a method for one-digit multiplication LO 7: Exploring multiplication from the left and the right of numbers

##### Chapter 4: Multiplication - Process (Application)
 LO 1: Multiplying two-digit number by one-digit number LO 2: Multiplying three-digit number by one-digit number LO 3: Multiplying three-digit number by two-digit number LO 4: Multiplying more than two numbers LO 5: Multiplying numbers that end in zero LO 6: Revisiting the idea of carry LO 7: Mapping the possible values of carry LO 8: Relating carry and multiplication LO 9: Detailing the arithmetic expression 10 x 100

##### Chapter 5: Multiplication - Properties
 LO 1: Showcasing all the interpretations of multiplication LO 2: Comparing 3 x 4 and 3 x 2 x 2 LO 3: Comparing multiplication and stretching.

##### Chapter 6: Multiplication - Summing Up
 LO 1: Commenting on the mathematical expression b x c = bc LO 2: Knowing multiplicative identity of numbers LO 3: Figuring out the relationship between multiplier, multiplicand, and factors